Collaborative management of MPAs: a proven track record of effective management and financial sustainability

Although collaborative management is not always feasible or appropriate, there is a large body of evidence from both marine and terrestrial systems showing that it can redistribute the financial burden on states while facilitating long-term financial and technical support to deliver effective management. Many protected areas under collaborative management have succeeded in becoming financially sustainable, generating all or most of their revenues through tourism operations, while also demonstrating positive social and ecological impacts.

This has been seen most often in MPAs which charge fees for scuba diving and other water-based activities, such as the Bonaire National Marine Park, the St Lucia Marine Management Area or Belize Marine Protected Areas and those which generate revenues through ecotourism resorts, such as Misool Eco-Dive resort in Indonesia and Chumbe Island Coral Park in Tanzania.

Bonaire MPA

St Lucia MMA

Misool MPA

Belize MPA

Tanzania MPA